Roman leather caligae :
In ancient Rome, the caliga was a heavy-duty leather sandal worn by soldiers and military officials. These sandals were designed to provide protection and support for the foot during long marches and battles.
The caliga featured a thick leather sole that was reinforced with iron hobnails, which provided traction and durability on rough terrain. The straps of the caliga were made from multiple layers of leather and were designed to wrap around the foot and ankle, providing support and stability.
In addition to its functional design, the caliga was also a symbol of rank and status within the Roman military. High-ranking officials were often depicted wearing elaborately decorated caligae, which were adorned with intricate designs and precious metals.
Today, replicas of Roman leather caligae are often used in historical reenactments and as part of period costumes. They serve as a reminder of the important role that footwear played in ancient Roman society, and the enduring legacy of Roman military technology and engineering.